The environmental impact of China is significant, with its large population, large reserves of coal, a fast-growing economy, and not being bound to international greenhouse gas emissions targets. Yet, when determining which countries are responsible for climate change, we see it as important to see the facts expressed on a per-capita and cumulative basis.
1. A small proportion of cumulative emissions
Over the past century, the 23 richest countries – representing 14 per cent of the current global population – have been responsible for 60 per cent of accumulated CO2 emissions. Mainland China – representing 20 per cent of the current global population – has been responsible for only 8 per cent.
2. Low per capita emissions
In 2004, the average person in the United States emitted 20.5 tons of CO2 – equivalent to emissions of 5 people in China. The average per-capita level for G-7 countries was 12 tonnes – the equivalent level for 3 people in China.
3. Low emissions in transport
The average person in USA takes 18 times as many airline flights as the average Chinese person and is 50 times more likely to own a car.
4. Export sector accounts for about one-third of China's CO2 emissions
This is equivalent to the combined emissions of Germany, France and the UK. Countries that outsource production and consume Chinese goods must assume some responsibility.
5. Disproportionately affected by climate change
The melting of glaciers alone could seriously affect the water supply of a quarter of a billion people in China.
6. Less capacity to respond to climate crisis
In China, 35 per cent of the population live on less than two dollars per day, and 10 per cent on less than one dollar per day.
7. A leader in renewable energy
China ranks second for investments in renewable energy (about US$12 billion), after Germany (US$14 billion). (2007)
8. A leader in low carbon transport
In 2008, China implemented a 36 miles per gallon fuel economy standard for passenger vehicles, almost 40 per cent higher than in USA.
9. Energy efficiency
China has reduced the energy intensity of GDP by over 60 per cent since 1980 and targets to reduce it by a further 20 per cent by 2010. (2005 figures)
10. High efficiency technology
Since 2005, the Chinese government has required high-efficiency, super-critical, coal-fired technology for new large power plants. In 2007, 553 smaller inefficient power plants with a total generating capacity of 14.38GW were shut down.
Note that from this, the energy awareness is one of the major government policy. China is a Leader in renewable energy, second after Germany.
China is promoting the EV car, the adoption of LED to replace incandescent lamp, and the expansion of Unclear electricity...
All the related business related to this would generating billion of revenue, such as the EV car Companies, LED factories and Energy Resources companies!