A cigarette is a product consumed through smoking and manufactured out of cured and finely cut tobacco leaves and reconstituted tobacco, often combines with additives. Then rolled into paper-wrapped cylinder (general less than 120mm in length and 10 mm in diameter).
The cigarette is ignited at one end and allowed to smolder for the purpose of inhalation of its smoke from the other filter end, which is inserted in the mouth.
The primary psychoactive chemical in tobacco, is addictive. Cigarette use has also been shown to cause multiple types of cancer, heart disease, respiratory disease, circulatory disease, birth defects including mental and physical disability and emphysema.
On average, each cigarette smoked shortens lifespan by 11 minutes. If you smoke two packs a day, on average, you life will be shortened 5-10 years.
Rates of cigarette smoking vary widely. While rates of smoking have leveled off or declined in the developed world, they continue to rise in the undeveloped world.
Cigarettes are the most frequent source of fires in private homes and European Union wishes to ban in 2011 cigarettes that are not fire-safe.
The earliest forms of cigarettes have been attested in Central America around the 9th century in the form of reeds and smoking tubes. The Maya and later the Aztecs, smoked tobacco and various psychoactive drugs in religious rituals and frequently depicted priests and deities smoking on pottery and temple engravings. The cigarette, and the cigar, were the most common method of smoking in the Caribbean, Mexico and Central and South America until recent times.
The use of tobacco in cigarette form became increasingly popular during and after the Crimean War. This was helped by the development of tobaccos that are suitable for cigarette use. During WWI WWII, cigarettes were rationed to soldiers. During the second half of the 20th century, the adverse health effects of cigarettes started to become widely known and text-only health warnings became commonplace on cigarette packets.
The United States and The United Kingdom have not yet implemented graphical cigarette warning labels, which is considered a more effective method to communicate to the public the dangers of cigarette smoking. Canada, Australia, Thailand, New Zealand and Hong Kong, however, have both textual warnings and graphic visual images displaying, among other things, the damaging effects tobacco use has on the human body.
Diagram of a cigarette.1. Filter made of 95% cellulose acetate.2. Tipping paper to cover the filter.3. Rolling paper to cover the tobacco.4. Tobacco blend.
Commercially manufactured cigarettes are seemingly simple objects consisting mainly of a tobacco blend, paper, PVA glue to bond the outer layer of paper together, and often also a cellulose Acetate based filter. While the assembly of cigarettes is straightforward, much focus is given to the creation of each of the components, in particular the tobacco blend, which may contain over 100 ingredients, many of them flavourants for the tobacco. A key ingredient that makes cigarettes more addictive is the inclusion of reconstituted tobacco, which has additives to make nicotine more volatile as the cigarette burns.
European union wishes to ban in 2011 cigarettes that are not fire-safe. According to a study made by European Union in 16 European countries, 11000 fires were due to cigarettes between 2005 and 2007. They caused 520 deaths and 1600 people injured.
Cigarettes are a significant source of tax revenue in many localities. This fact has historically been an impediment for health groups seeking to discourage cigarette smoking, since governments seek to maximize tax revenues. In Hong Kong the Cigarette are expensive due to the high taxation, say a common packet of 20 sticks is selling HKD40.00, where as the same stuff is just HKD in Duty Free Shop in HKIA.
Approximately 5.5 trillion cigarettes are produced globally each year and are smoked by over 1.1 billion people or greater than one-sixth of the world population. While smoking rates have leveled off or declined in developed nations, they continue to rise in developing parts of the world. Smoking rates in the United States have dropped by half from 1965 to 2006 falling from 42% to 20.8% of adults. In the developing world, tobacco consumption is rising by 3.4% per year. Smoking Prevalence by gender USA 35/22, Europe 46/26, SEA 44/4. Consumption by Country: China 1643B pcs, USA 451B pcs, Japan 328B pcs, Russia 258B pcs and Indonesia 215B pcs.
The common name the remains of a cigarette after smoking is a "cigarette butt" or simply "butt." It comprises about 30% of the cigarette's original length. The butt consists of a tissue tube which holds a filter and some remains of tobacco mixed with ash. In extreme cases the filter is slightly burned. Cigarette butts are one source of tobacco for minors and low income people. The shape of a butt hinges on the manner of stubbing out. The intensely pressed butt possesses irregular shape at the end and wrinkled tissue. Cigarette butts may be a subject of studies over popularity of brands producing cigarettes.
A cigarette disposal canister, encouraging the public to dispose of their cigarettes properly. Cigarette filters are made from cellulose acetate and is biodegradable, however depending on environmental conditions it can be resistant to degradation. Accordingly, the duration of the degradation process is cited as taking as little as 1 month to 3 years to as long as 10-15 years.
This variance in rate and resistance to biodegradation in many conditions is a factor in littering and environmental damage. It is estimated that 4.5 trillion cigarette butts become litter every year. In the 2006 International Coastal Cleanup, cigarettes and cigarette butts constituted 24.7% of the total collected garbage, over twice as much as any other category.
Cigarette butts contain the chemicals filtered from cigarettes and can leach into waterways and water supplies. Cellulose acetate and carbon particles breathed in from cigarette filters is suspected of causing lung damage
In many parts of the world tobacco advertising and even sponsorship of sporting events has been outlawed. The ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship in the EU in 2005 has prompted Formula One Management to look for races in areas that allow the tobacco sponsored teams to display their livery. As of 2007, only the Scuderia Ferrari retains tobacco sponsorship, continuing their relationship with Marlboro until 2011.
In some jurisdictions, such as Sasktchewan Canada and Alberta , Canada the retail store display of cigarettes is completely prohibited if persons under the legal age of consumption have access to the premises
This is a big question to me as you can see a civilized world like Japan and USA has a cigarette consumption of 800 billions pieces!.
There are certain thing I think the people smokes
They know cigarettes are not good for them, but they can not resists as the nicotine in their blood keep them smoking
They are generally not have a strong determination to quit s smoking, they are usually losers
They think smoking is an elegant way of life style? More young ladies in HK participate in these stinky ways of bad habit. They are stupid to believe smoke keep them slim. Burn their fat!
They are innocent and mostly the youngsters are influenced by their friends.
Still recalled that there was a TV ads on one of the popular Brand “ SXXXX” that some athlete of young handsome man skied on the Alps , under beautiful blue sky along the mountain and stopped in one spot and pull out one cigarette and start to smoke, second later, a young beautifully shaped lady came up and smiled, then started to light up another cigarette.
The Hidden messages are:
The athlete’s smokes
The Young lady like to follow get up handsome man who smoke
After Exercise (sex), start another cigarette…
This is the worse ads I have ever seen to kill young people!
My ten comments on smoking
It brings you yellow and darkened teeth
Its bring you bad breath like hoops
Smoking darkens your lips, like those over burn liver under a barbeque fire
Its give you an older appearance as your skin will lends to get more wrinkle and less elastic!
The clothes of smoker are stings for days.
The Air cond. Room will have the bad smell for months even a single stick of cigarette is burnt.
Smoking tends to brings you health problem of all kind, shorten your life….
Adults smokers may have a lot of stress and pressures because of economic and personal problems. They may be homeless, or they may be dealing with alcohol or cocaine/heroin addictions. Some may be in bad marriages or relationships in which there is physical and/or verbal abuse. All these people may smoke to feel relaxed or to give them energy while going through a hard time, this is paradox!
Whether young or old, some people smoke to control their weight. Smokers, on the average, weigh seven pounds less than non-smokers. Smoking reduces a person's appetite. It lessens his/her sense of taste and smell. This could be why ex-smokers gain weight after quitting cigarettes. Food tastes and smells so much better.
Finally, there are people who say they love to smoke. Smoking gives them pleasure. It just makes them feel good pyschonogically! This is crap!